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Published on Jul 01, 2020

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Unit 3: US Imperialism and World War One

Protectorate -A country that is technically independent but is actually under the control of another country. Cuba was a protectorate of the U.S. under the Platt amendment. After winning the Spanish-American war, Cuba became a protectorate of the U.S. and allowed the U.S. to intervene in Cuban affairs along with setting up naval stations in Cuba.

Spanish American War - U.S. fought in a war alongside Cuba against Spain. The Spanish American War started with Cuba rebelling against Spain. Cuba wanted their independence from Spain and went to war. The U.S. decided to step in and help Cuba when the U.S. suspected Spain to be responsible for the explosion of the U.S.S. Maine. America ended up taking a swift victory.

Imperialism - a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. Imperialism was responsible for reforming the European alliances. Imperialism played a role in world war One with the expansion of armies and military power from the central powers.

Platt Amendment - treaty between the U.S. and Cuba that attempted to protect Cuba's independence from foreign intervention. This Amendment permitted extensive U.S. involvement in Cuban international and domestic affairs for the enforcement of Cuban Independence. Cuba became a protectorate of the u.S. under the Platt Amendment.

Isolationism - a policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interest of other groups. After World War One, some people in the U.S. congress were supporters of isolationism, this caused the u.s. to Stay out of the league of nations.

League of nations - international organization created after the first world war to provide a forum for resolving international disputes. The league of nations was created so that it could prevent another world war from happening. Germany was not included in the League of nations because Germany was the one to blame for starting the first world war. The u.s. also did not join because they supported isolationism.

Propaganda - any medium used to influence a person's view about politics or society. During world war One, propaganda was used to sway society to make their country look good and other countries bad. Propaganda was used to motivate workers in military factories to work harder for their beloved country.

Yellow Journalism - Scandalous stories and shocking illustrations based on little factual information. Yellow Journalism was used to persuade the U.S. to help Cuba with their war against Spain. With little factual evidence, newspapers were published about the war and this caught the U.S. eye.

Panama Canal -a canal across the Isthmus of Of Panama, linking the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans. The Panama Canal was significant as the U.S. provoked and supported a revolution in Panama in order to secure the right to build it. This canal permits shippers of commercial goods, ranging from automobiles to grain, to save time and money by transporting cargo more quickly.

Big Stick diplomacy - Roosevelt's foreign policy. This style of foreign policy was able to keep the United states out of military conflicts by employing the legitimate threat of force. This allowed Roosevelt to symbolically project American power without actually having to use force.

Theodore Roosevelt - 26th President of the United States. Implemented Control Corporation, Costumer Protection, and Conversation. Roosevelt was the first president to enforce laws to irrigate deserts and reserve forest land. Increased power and prestige of presidency, set rates and regulations for the railroad industry, and brought about anti-trust Lawsuits.

Queen Liliuokalani - she was the last monarch of Hawaii. She was overthrown by U.S. business men that wanted to set up a naval base and additional trade. Although she surrendered her monarchy, petitions to bring her back to the throne were imminent.

William Taft - 27th President of the U.S. and was the successor of Roosevelt. Taft busted more trust that Roosevelt, created the Children's Bureau, and continued Roosevelt's conservation policies. William Taft wins the publican nomination which has Roosevelt to form the Progressive Party. Taft's diplomacy idea was referred to as the Dollar Diplomacy.

Woodrow Wilson - 28th president of the United States. Wilson's new freedom led to the Underwood tariff, Graduated income tax, the federal reserve act, and the Anti-Trust legislation. Wilson's diplomacy idea was referred to as the Moral Diplomacy.

Hearst and Pulitzer - Two men that were Yellow journalists for newspapers. Hearst and Pulitzer were the two yellow journalists that wrote about the Spanish American War which they had little to no Knowledge about. This newspaper caught the U.S. eye and they decided to join in the war with Cuba against Spain.

Liberty Bonds - debt securities issued by the government for the purpose of financing military operations during World War one. During World war one, the U.S. stayed neutral but had liberty bonds with the Allies. These bonds provided money for the Allies fighting in the War and the money will have to be payed back after the War.

Open Door Policy - statement of principles initiated by the United States. The Open Door Policy called for protection of equal privileges for all countries trading with China and for the support of Chinese territorial and administrative integrity. This policy declared that other nations need to share trading rights with the U.S.

Dollar Diplomacy - foreign policy of the United States. William Taft's dollar Diplomacy was a form of American foreign policy to minimize the use or threat of military force. This was to ensure the financial stability of a region while protecting and extending U.S. commercial and financial interests. This also encouraged the investment of U.S. capital in foreign countries.

Moral Diplomacy - form of diplomacy proposed by Woodrow Wilson. Moral Diplomacy is the system in which support is given only to countries whose beliefs are analogous to that of the Nation. Moral Diplomacy wanted to expand the nation's ideals to the world, increasing the number of democracies and promotion peace. This supported countries pursuing democratic values economically and force authoritarian countries to adopt a democratic government.

great Migration - relocation of more than 6 million African Americans. The African Americans relocated from the rural South to the Cities of the North to look for work. African Americans migrated in search of higher wages in industrial jobs and better social and political opportunities. The cause of the great Migration would be segregation in the south and the increase of racist ideology.