FAMILY STRUCTURES, SYSTEMS AND DYNAMICS
-This presentation was made to inform the audience about the different family structures, dynamics, systems, and how these affect our present being.
-We all belong from different families. Every family has a different structure and every structure has different systems and dynamics. Although our families are different and we are different individuals, we still have some similarities that make us connect as human beings.
Nuclear Family - Usually contains two generations of humans. Parents and their own adopted children residing in the same household.
Single Parent Family - Also known as Lone Parent Family. It consists of one parent and their child or children residing in one household.
Extended Family - Also known as the three generation family. It consists of grandparents, parents and children.
Reconstituted Family - This is where one or both parents bring their child/children from their previous spouse to their remarriage.
Symmetrical Family - Where the usual role of either husband or wife have become more alike or symmetrical.
Empty Nest Family - This is when the children have moved out of their parents' house.
Cereal Packet Family - This family shows the 'ideal' family type as shown in cereal packs.
* State benefits
Industrialization - it is the era where society improves from an agrarian one to a modern, mechanized society. According to Talcott Parsons, industrialization highly increased mobility, which resulted to the breakdown of extended families.
Divorce - Divorce is becoming more socially accepted. Many governments have already began providing financial support to single parents which resulted to more couples divorcing. There is an increasing number of single parents and reconstituted families.
Class - Social classes highly influence family structures. Those who have lower income have a higher divorce rate. Lower class families are either matrifocal or single parents, they contribute to poverty. The financial responsibilities now fall on just one parent due to the withdrawal of the contribution of the other. Higher class families are more stable and are able to live healthily with little or no problem with society.
State Benefits - Since many states began providing benefits to pregnant teens and single mothers, many are less encourage to get married to seek economic support as it is provided by the stated.
Family system is a theory by Dr. Murray Bowen. It says individuals cannot be understood in isolation from one another, but rather as a part of their family, as the family is an emotional unit. Families are systems of interconnected and interdependent individuals, none of whom can be understood in isolation from the system.
The 8 concepts from Murray Bowen
* Differentiation of Self.
* Nuclear Family Emotional System.
* Family Projection Process.
* Multigenerational Transmission Process.
* Emotional Cutoff.
* Sibling Position.
* Societal Emotional Process.
Triangles - A triangle is a three-person relationship system. It is considered the triangle as the “molecule” of larger emotional systems, as it is the smallest stable relationship system. Triangles can exert social control by putting one on the outside or bring in an outsider when tension escalates between two. Increasing the number of triangles can also stabilize spreading tension.
Differentiation of Self - Families and social groups affect how people think, feel, and act, but individuals vary in their susceptibility to “group think”. The less developed a person’s “self,” the more impact others have on his functioning and the more he tries to control the functioning of others.
Nuclear Family - This concept describes 4 relationship patterns that manage anxiety, marital conflict, dysfunction in one spouse, impairment of one or more children, emotional distance) that govern where problems develop in a family.
Family Projection Process - This concept describes the way parents transmit their emotional problems to a child.
Multigenerational Transmission Process - This concept describes how small differences in the levels of differentiation between parents and their offspring lead over many generations to marked differences in differentiation among the members of a multigenerational family. The way people relate to one another creates differences, which are transmitted across generations.
Emotional Cut Off - People sometimes manage their unresolved emotional issues with parents, siblings, and other family members by reducing or totally cutting off emotional contact with them.
Sibling Position - Bowen theory incorporates psychologist Walter Toman’s work relating to sibling position. People who grow up in the same sibling position have important common characteristics.
Societal Emotional Process - This concept describes how the emotional system governs behavior on a societal level, similar to that within a family, which promotes both progressive and regressive periods in a society.
Virginia Satir was very intelligent and bright. Her biggest interest in life is to achieve her therapeutic practice. She studied in Milwaukee State Teachers College, where she earned her bachelor's degree in education, in the year 1948 she completed her masters at the university of Chicago.
Her contribution to psychology tells us how she believes that..
most mental illnesses that are inhabited by people caused by traumatic family experiences or the effects of your childhood.
In the year 1964, she wrote a book named Conjoint Family Therapy that included how the importance of self worth to people and the further enhancement of the causes and effects of behavior through ones self.
1) All people await the potential of growth and are capable of transformation.
2) People carry all the resources they need for positive growth and development.
3) Families are systems wherein everyone and everything impacts and is impacted by everyone and everything else.
4) The beliefs of counselors are more important than their techniques.
Virginia Satir studied families and created an idea of family roles in the household. She believed a role that a person assumes in their family tends to be the founding of where the adult will grow.
* The Blamer - The family member who constantly finds fault and criticizes
* The Computer - The non-affectionate intellectual
* The Distractor - The person who stirs things up in order to shift the focus away from emotional issues
* The Placator - The apologetic people-pleaser
* The Leveler - The open, honest, and direct communicator
Family dynamics are the patterns of relating, or interactions, between family members. Each family system and its dynamics are unique, although there are some common patterns.
All families have some helpful and some unhelpful dynamics
Even where there is little or no present contact with family, a young person will have been influenced by dynamics in earlier years. Family dynamics often have a strong influence on the way young people see themselves, others and the world, and influence their relationships, behaviours and their wellbeing.
An understanding of the impact of family dynamics on a young person's self-perception may help workers pinpoint and respond to the driving forces behind a young person's current needs.
- Each family have different backgrounds which makes no family the same. Each and every family is unique in their own ways. Family is what makes a person themself. We should not judge someone with their outward and physical appearance, because we do not know what has and is happening deep inside them.
- Family structure is the classifications of the family we're in. This shows how different each family is.
- Family system theory basically states that individuals cannot be understood alone but he must be understood as a part of a family.
- Family dynamics is basically the pattern of relating or interacting with other family members.
"Family are like music notes, there are high notes and low notes, but it will always result to a good song when played properly."