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WHAT STATES WERE PART OF THE COLONY!
Was originally known as New Netherland
Given to the Duke of York by his brother King Charles II.
Most of the settlers were Protestants.
In the early years the settlers traded with the Indians for fur.
The Dutch set up the colony!
The duke of York gave some of the land to his friends.(lord Berkeley, sir George carteret.
It was a proprietary colony. & fertile farmland a wealth of other sources that attracted people from many lands.
Became a royal colony , which is a colony under direct control of the English crown.
Colony charter protected religious freedom and rights of an assembly that voted on local matters.
Settlers came from Finland, Ireland, Scotland, Germany, and Sweden. / New England colonist hoping to find better farmland chose to relocate to New Jersey.
William Penn was the founder of Pennsylvania in 1681!
Quakers where people that lived in Pennsylvania.
Penn thought of this colony as a " holy experiment." Wanted it to model religious freedom.
Insisted people pay for the land. Native Indians respected him for the policy so their were many years of peace with the Indians.
African slaves made up 1/3 of all the immigrants that came to the colony between 1730 and 1750!/ most worked as laborers.
Stuck in Customs
The region was known as Pennsylvania lower counties
Settlers in the lower counties did not want to send delegates to a distant assembly in Philadelphia.
In 1704 the lower counties would break away to form the colony of Delaware.
In 1701 Penn allowed them to elect their own assembly.
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LIFE IN THE MIDDLE COLONIES!
Majority of the people made their living off of farming!
Found more favorable conditions in the middle colonies than in New England.
Winters were milder than in New England and growing season lasted longer
In the middle colonies they raised rye, wheat and barley.
Wheat barley and rye were cash crops sold for money in the market.
Exported so much grain they became known as the bread-basket colonies
Farmers in the middle colonies raised hearts of cattle and pigs.
Landowners hired workers to help with the planting, harvesting, and other tasks/ settlers in Delaware river valley profited from the region's rich deposits of iron ore
Barefoot In Florida
MIDDLE COLONY HOMES!
Towns were less important than in New England.
Swedish settlers introduced log cabins to the Americas.
The Dutch used red bricks to build narrow, high-walled houses.
German settlers developed a wood-burning stove that heated a home better than a fireplace.
Households were self-sufficient, which meant that everything needed for survival - food clothing and any other items were made at home.
Toronto Public Library Special Collections