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PRINCE HENRY SPONSORS PORTUGUESE EXPLORERS
The Portuguese navigators discovered and claimed the Maderia and Azores islands, and by 1415, had also expanded into Muslim North Africa, seizing the port of Ceuta.
After other countries see Portugal's success, they also begin exploring.
Prince Henry sparked this movement, and without him, countries may not have explored.
CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS DISCOVERS THE CARIBBEAN ISLANDS
His original goal was to sail to the East Indies, however, he greatly underestimated the size of the Earth.
He accidentally discovered the Caribbean and believed it to be the East Indies.
If he hadn't found the New World, that land wouldn't have been claimed.
HERNAN CORTES CONQUERS THE AZTECS
In 1521, Hernan Cortes and his Indian allies captured and demolished Tenochitilan.
Without this event, Spain wouldn't have expanded.
ENGLISH COLONIES AND PILGRIMS
England began establishing colonies along the Eastern seaboard in the 1600s
In 1620, the Pilgrims landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
A lot of history would not be the same if America had never been formed.
It was an uprising of the Bohemian Estates against the Hapsburg Dynasty.
Caused by religious and power disputes.
Triggered the Thirty Years War.
ENGLISH CIVIL WAR
A struggle between the monarchy an parliament over wether England was going to be an absolute monarchy or not.
Would eventually cause England to become a constitutional monarchy.
Parliament invites Charles ll to be the king of England.
This is called "the Restoration" because it brung England back to someone like its earlier ruler.
This would eventually lead to the Glorious Revolution.
THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION
The overthrow of King James ll.
Caused Parliament to invite William and Mary to become king and queen.
Causes England to become a constitutional monarchy.
SEVEN YEARS WAR
Involved a struggle for North America between France and Great Britain, as well as Austria vs. Prussia.
It was ended by the Treaty of Paris.
Officially marked the end of the French Empire in America.
TREATY OF PARIS
Officially ended the worldwide war between the British and French.
France was forced to cede Canada and its lands east of the Mississippi, and the regained their sugar producing islands and slave trade outposts.
This ended a long war and helped America grow larger.