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Slide Notes

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Geography presentation

Published on Nov 23, 2015

Cold environments




1. The literal meaning of ‘Antarctica’ is ‘opposite the bear’. The ancient Greeks named the frozen north ‘Arktikos’ after their word for ‘bear’, as the Great Bear (Ursa Major) is above the North Pole.

2. Until 1840, it was not known whether the Antarctic was just ice or if there was land beneath.

3. Before 1840, the Antarctic was known as Terra Australis Incognita (the unknown southern land)

Photo by ¡WOUW!

4. Mount Erebus is the only active volcano in Antarctica.

Photo by gnuckx

5. There is about eight times as much ice in Antarctica as in the Arctic.

Photo by martinak15

6. The number of breeding pairs of penguins in Antarctica is estimated to be 20 million.

Photo by zoutedrop

7. On October 14, 1899, the Norwegian zoologist Nicolai Hansen became the first person to be buried in Antarctica.

8. The first person born in Antarctica was Emilio Marcos Palma of Argentina on January 7, 1978.

Photo by salendron

9. If all the ice in Antarctica melted, the world’s sea levels would rise by about 200 feet.

10. The ice reflects 35% of the Suns light back up.