1 of 11

Slide Notes

DownloadGo Live

Five Pillars of Islam

Published on Dec 07, 2017

No Description

PRESENTATION OUTLINE

Five Pillars of Islam

by Arjun B.

Shadahah

Declaration of Faith
Photo by ali eminov

1st Pillar of Islam

  • A person must pledge the following aloud in front of two Muslims to enter the religion of Islam: “I bear witness that there is no god but God, and that Muhammad is the messenger.”
  • Muslims believe that all souls will face judgement by God one day, so declaring faith in God is important
  • Promotes Submission towards God
  • Parents whisper the Shadahah into their babies' ears, and students say it before a test to perform well

Salat - prayer

Photo by Cam_Buff

2nd Pillar of Islam

  • Considered the "proof" of Islam
  • Muslims pray 5 times per day, and the muezzin calls them to prayer
  • Before praying, Muslims perform ritual washings to cleanse the mind and body
  • Although it is best to pray at a mosque, it is not mandatory, and Muslims pray in any clean place, usually on a prayer rug

Zakat

Mandatory Charity 
Photo by Pochestorie

3rd Pillar of Islam

  • Muslims must donate roughly 2.5% of excess income
  • Means "purification" - Muslims believe that wealth isn't pure until some is given away
  • Can help Muslim communities by paying for a child's tuition to a Muslim school, among other things
  • Intended to make the poor self sufficient - not a temporary solution

Siyam

Fasting & praying during the month of Ramadan
Photo by MDGovpics

4th Pillar of Islam

  • Because the Islamic calendar is based on a lunar year, the month of Ramadan eventually cycles through every season.
  • Throughout this month, special mosque services are held, and devout Muslims who attend every night hear the entire Qu’ran by the end of the month.
  • Praying during the “Night of Power” during ending days of the Ramadan equals 1,000 months of devotion
  • Promotes sympathy towards the poor - Intended to make Muslims have self-restraint
  • Muslims cannot eat or drink during the day: Only late in the evening can Muslims break their fast

Hajj

Pilgrimage to Mecca

5th Pillar of Islam

  • Held in 12th month of the Islamic calendar from the 8th to the 12th -Afterward, 4 day feast is held
  • All Muslims wear simple white clothes, to remind all Muslims are equal in God’s eyes
  • Adult Muslims expected to perform the Hajj at least once in their life
  • Must circle Ka’bah (the holiest house of worship for Muslims) 7 times before leaving