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Slide Notes

The CRAAP Test Handout: https://www.csuchico.edu/lins/handouts/eval_websites.pdf

One of the most important lessons you can learn about research is how to filter the BEST information on the Internet.

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Fact or CRAAP: Evaluating Internet Sources

When researching for a project or paper, students often turn to the Internet first. A Google search yields myriad results, but are those results reliable? Is the information useful? Use the CRAAP Test to determine the validity of a web source to make sure the information is fact, not crap.

PRESENTATION OUTLINE

Fact or CRAAP?

Evaluating Internet Sources
The CRAAP Test Handout: https://www.csuchico.edu/lins/handouts/eval_websites.pdf

One of the most important lessons you can learn about research is how to filter the BEST information on the Internet.

Untitled Slide



"Getting information off the Internet is like taking a drink from a fire hydrant."
- Michael Kapor

What makes a website reliable?



Evaluating Websites:
https://youtu.be/aem3JahbXfk

HOW DO YOU KNOW?


ANYBODY can post information on the Internet:
Your neighbor
The weatherman
A 10-year old kid who loves LEGOs
Photo by KarenBaijens

Apply the CRAAP Test

  • Currency
  • Relevance
  • Authority
  • Accuracy
  • Purpose

Currency

Currency - the timeliness of the information
Photo by MichaelHyde

If sources were cars . . .

If sources were cars, which would you use?


Source: http://library.austincc.edu
Photo by @Doug88888

OLD, RUSTY CAR

Old and Abandoned Car – This source was perfectly appropriate once upon a time. But now it’s so old it no longer runs. It’s rusty and abandoned and totally out of date. Don’t use old, outdated information. Find something that still runs.
Photo by I_am_Allan

CLASSIC CAR

Classic and Well Maintained Car – This source may have been written many years ago, but it’s still considered to be a core work on the subject. You will encounter sources like this more often in the humanities and social sciences than in medicine and the sciences where it is crucial to consider the current research. If in doubt about an older source, ask your professor or a librarian for guidance.
Photo by chumlee10

NEW CAR

Shiny, New Car – Current research and information is usually best. For example, if you’re researching a controversial issue, you should consider the debate that is playing out right now. In the sciences, new practices and innovations are being introduced all the time. Current information could make the difference between life and death.
Photo by marcp_dmoz

Check the Dates

Dates, copyrights & updates are usually at the bottom of the page
Photo by DafneCholet

Check the Links

Broken links or redirections are suspect

Is the information superficial?

Superficial information is basic, general knowledge. For research purposes, you want in-depth analysis.
Photo by ai3310X

Is the information age appropriate?

Photo by breatheoutnow

Authority

Photo by Justin in SD

Who is the author?

Who is the publisher or sponsor?


What makes the author qualified or an expert on the topic?

Who would you trust to perform surgery on you?

Is there contact information?

Author contact information may include phone numbers, mailing address, physical address, email, or other form of communication.
Photo by MISTER_BLACK

Check the Domain

  • .com = commercial website
  • .edu = college or university website
  • .gov = U.S. government website
  • .k12.us = public school website
  • .mil = U.S. military website
  • .net = network of computers
  • .org = organization or group
MYTH: Education, government, military & organization sites are ALWAYS reliable.

Reduce the URL

to the original domain (www.abc.com)
Learn more about domains (.gov, .edu, etc.) below.
http://youtu.be/ognOAlWvu0Q

Photo by ntr23

the Tilde ~

Denotes a personal website


Most blogs and other personal sites will have a tilde (~) before the author's name in the URL.
Photo by xadrian

What to Look for

  • About Me
  • Contact Us
  • FAQ Page
  • Mission Statement
  • Who We Are Page
Some sites have a tab with this information, while others post the About page at the bottom of the website.
Photo by Kalexanderson

Accuracy

Photo by tiffa130

Is the information supported by evidence?

Improbable Research;
http://www.improbable.com

Accurate, reliable sources are usually backed by

Support,
Evidence, and
Research

Does the author provide references or sources for data or citations?

Would you trust this bridge for support?

Would you trust this bridge to support you?
Photo by IamNotUnique

Are there spelling, grammar, or other errors?

Scholarly, peer-reviewed articles are proof-read and edited for mistakes.
Photo by infomatique

Purpose

Evaluating Purpose Video: https://vimeo.com/86743297

Who is the intended audience?

Photo by Lotus Carroll

Can you clearly identify the purpose of the information?

Photo by dak1b2006

Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?

Photo by yaknor

Remember PIE

PERSUADE - INFORM - ENTERTAIN
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Persuade

  • Inflammatory language or tone
  • Marketing ploys - testimonials
  • Solicitation - donations, sales
  • Opinions rather than facts (no sources)
Photo by Nesster

Inform

  • Neutral language or tone
  • Professional layout/design
  • Facts, statistics, data
  • Case studies, experiments

Entertain

  • Emotionally charged language/tone
  • Recreational games, videos, content
  • Flashy graphics and animations
  • E-commerce - online sales, subscriptions
  • Littered with advertising
The Onion:
http://www.theonion.com

Dihydrogen Monoxide Research:
http://www.dhmo.org

Photo by Code Arachnid

Need more information?

Just ask me! @chuskey3