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EPI Presentation

Published on Nov 22, 2015

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Institutional Characteristics Predicting Graduation Rates at
4-Year Broad Access Institutions

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EPI Student Success Symposium

Gloria Crisp, Erin Doran & Nicole Reyes, UTSA
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Presentation Outline

  • Assumptions about 4-yr BAIs
  • Definition and description of 4-yr BAIs
  • Predicting graduation rates
  • Audience discussion/questions

What are some of the assumptions about 4-yr non-selective or broad access institutions?

4-year Broad Access Instituitons

  • Role of 4-yrs in providing broad access
  • Little attention provided to 4-year BAIs
  • Need for descriptive research
  • Also need for predictive modeling

1. How do the characteristics of 4-yr BAIs compare to CCs and other 4-yrs?

2. What characteristics serve to predict degree completion rates at 4-yr BAIs and other 4-yr institutions?

4-yr BAIs defined as "accredited, degree granting non-profit 4-year institutions that provide open admission or admit at least 80% of applicants"

Representation of 4-yr BAIs

  • Importance of broad access institutions
Includes accredited, degree granting non-profit institutions.

Source: IPEDS 2012

Characteristics of 4-yr BAIs

  • 48% Open Access, 52% Accept 80 or >
  • Majority are Private - 59%
  • 19% are Faith Based Institutions
  • 13% classified as Minority Serving
  • 33% of students are Black or Latina/o

Students Recieving Pell Grants

  • 48% Open Access, 52% Accept 80% or >
  • Majority are Private - 59%
  • 19% are Faith Based
  • Only 13% classified as Minority Serving

CC's verses 4-yr BAIs

  • 4-yrs more in city/suburb (69% vs 53%)
  • More 4-yrs in Midwest and Plains states
  • 4-yrs smaller faculty/student ratios
  • 4-yrs higher tuition and expenditures
  • 4-yrs higher retention (67% vs 57%)

4-yr BAIs vs Other 4-yrs

  • BAIs more likely to be public (41 vs 32%)
  • BAIs are larger (73 under 5K vs 86%)
  • BAIs have lower tuition and expenditures
  • BAIs serve more Black and Latina/os
  • BAIs lower 6 yr grad rates (39 vs 56%)

Need to Increase Grad Rates

  • Role of BAIs in increasing grad rates
  • Largest gains in grad rates at BAIs
  • Variance in grad rates across instituitons
  • Need to understand institutional predictors

Predicting Graduation Rates

  • Most studies have excluded BAIs
  • Most define selectivity by SAT scores
  • No predictive study focused on 4-yr BAIs
  • Findings for 4-yr institutions


  • IPEDS data 2001-02 to 2006-07
  • 1,285 4-yr BAIs and other 4-yr institutions
  • 441 Open and Broad Access
  • Regression analysis predicting graduation

Variables in Models

  • DV 1 = 6 yr grad rates 01-02 cohort
  • DV 2 = African American grad rates
  • DV 3 = Hispanic grad rates
  • IVs (1) = Student/peer characteristics
  • IVs (2) = Structural/demographics

Preliminary Findings (see handout)

1. Notable differences between predictors of grad rates across institutional types and outcomes

2. Models more accurately predicted grad rates at other 4-year institutions


1. What findings were surprising to you?

2. What additional characteristics would you expect to predict grad rates at your BAI?

3. What questions or recommendations do you have for us moving forward in this work?

Contact for Questions or Comments:

Gloria Crisp, Associate Professor UTSA  @crisp_Gloria