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David H. Jonassen

Published on Nov 18, 2015

David Jonassen Problem-solving


David H. Jonassen

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Problem solving

  • Most authentic learning activity
  • More transfer
  • Intentional & meaningful
  • Lack of context=forgetting
  • Life is short


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99 Problems

Overview of Theory:
Taxonomy of Problem Types

Influential Theorists

  • Gagne: different learning= different instruction
  • Merrill: first principle of instruction= must be problem-centered
  • Constructivists: Bruner, Lave, Collins, Brown, & Newman/Duguid
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Related Theories

  • Problem-based learning
  • Case-Based learning
  • Discovery learning
  • Situated Learning
  • Cognitive flexibility theory
  • Focus on cognition, less focus on social interactions
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Theory or Research?

Contribution to the field

  • Filled in gaps in id theory regarding problem-solving
  • helped push field of id and technology in a constructivist direction
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Relevant Points to Teaching Adults

  • Solving different types of problems requires different skills & instruction
  • A problem is only engaging if it is worth answering/authentic
  • Storytelling (using cases) is a good substitute for direct experience
  • Students in pbles remember things longer, transfer knowledge better, and are more self-regulated

Personal thoughts
"Unless learners are required to engage in complex learning, they will develop oversimplified views of the world."

Jonassen References

  • 2011. Learning to solve problems: a handbook for designing problem-solving learning environments
  • 2004. Learning to solve problems: an instructional design guide
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