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Classification Vocabulary

Katie Johnson 7th 2-23-14

Classification is a system that groups organisms based on common features they share

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We classify to study the diversity of life and group organisms in a logical manner

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Taxonomy is the process of classifying

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taxon is a group or level of organization

Aristotle classified plants based on size and structure

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Aristotle classified animals based on habitat

Binomial nomenclature is a two name naming system, scientific notation that classifies organisms by their genus and species.

We use binomial nomenclature because all organisms are given a universal name (every foreign country uses the same name)

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Scientific names written in binomial nomenclature contain the genus name followed by species name. Genus is capitalized, species is lowercase, and the entire name is italicized

We classify organisms now by using Linnaeus's system but add comparison of body chemistry and development features (ex. DNA sequence, hemoglobin, development of embryos)

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There are eight taxons

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The acronym for remembering the taxons is...Did King Phillip Come Over For Some Grape Soda?

The names of the taxons in order from biggest to most specific are Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species

The broadest level of classification means many different organisms fit into the category

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To be the most specific level of classification means it's more exclusive, so fewer organisms fit into the category

the six kingdoms are.. Eubacteria, Archaebacteria, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia

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