CANADA on the Arctic

Published at Nov 23, 2015
This presentation outlines Canada's success in the pursuit of its claims and maintenance of its sovereignty in the Arctic Information provided is valid and true as of 18/08/2015

PRESENTATION OUTLINE

Canada in the Arctic

By Surendra Shenoy

Pursuing Claims

Photo by tuchodi

Maintaining Sovereignty

Photo by Junnn

sov·er·eign·ty [sov-rin-tee]

Making claims

and the UNCLOS

Hydrocarbons in the Arctic

Current state

Hans Island

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Proposed solutions

Beaufort Sea

1825 Treaty of Saint Petersburg- “the line of demarcation shall follow the summit of the mountains situated parallel to the Coast, as far as the point of intersection…and, finally, from the said point of intersection, the said Meridian Line of the 141st degree, in its prolongation as far as the Frozen Ocean”

Disputed region

  • 20 years of Natural Gas
  • 6.3 Billion Barrels of Oil
  • 20 years of Natural Gas 6.3 Billion barrels of Oil

USA's actions

  • 2004: Leased eight separate sections for underwater oil exploration and research
  • 2009: The Secretary of Commerce announced a moratorium on all commercial fishing in the alaskan region
  • 2004: Leased eight separate sections for underwater oil exploration and research 2009: US Secretary of Commerce announced a moratorium on all commercial fishing in the region </div>
Photo by Werner Kunz

Northwest Passage

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An International Strait?

Northern Sea Route

  • Significantly shorter than S. Sea Route and Suez Canal
  • Not formed by islands and mainland
  • Promoted as a trade route

Prime Minister Harper- “Canada has a choice when it comes to defending our sovereignty in the Arctic…and make no mistake, this Government intends to use it.”

Diminishing powers

Military advancements

Military bases and patrol vessels

Operation Nanook ++

Operation Nanook

  • Joint military exercise
  • Involves other countries
  • Up to 1250 participants
  • Latest Arctic technology

Conclusion

Thank you!