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Unit 1 Vocab

Published on Nov 30, 2015

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Unit 1 Vocab

Abigail Teves Per. 1

1. Enlightenment

  • An intellectual revolution that challenged traditional authority and encouraged individualism
Photo by tom clearwood

2. Separation of powers

  • The idea that a country's constitution requires the 3 branches of government (legislative, executive, and judicial) to remain dependent on each other
Photo by thisisbossi

3. French and indian war

  • A seven-year war between England and the American colonies, against the French and some of the Indians in North America
Photo by Jeephead

4. Sons of liberty

  • The sons of liberty went aboard the ships Beaver, Dartmouth, & Eleanor to dump boxes of British tea into the Boston Harbor as a form of protest

5. American Revolution

  • The first time a colony overthrew its mother country and the first time a government was created using enlightenment ideas of limited gov't and individual liberty
Photo by Cayusa

6. Declaration of independence

  • Outlined why the colonists should be free of British rule; used the ideas of John Locke:Life, Liberty, and Property
Photo by dharder9475

7. Natural rights

  • John Locke's idea that people are born with natural rights which are the right to life, liberty, and property
Photo by quinn.anya

8. articles of confederation

  • Created a loose munition of independent states and a weak central government; became the law of the land
Photo by Lone Primate

9. Great compromise

  • As a result, congress would split into 2 houses; House of Representatives and the Senate

10. federalists

  • People who support the Constitution; favored dividing power among different branches
Photo by GotCredit

11. Anti-federalists

  • People who opposed the Constitution; wanted important political powers to remain within the states
Photo by comedy_nose

12. Federalism

  • Power divided between federal (national) government and state government
Photo by Leo Reynolds

13. Bill of rights

  • The first 10 amendments to the Constitution, which guaranteed the freedoms of speech, press, and religion
Photo by OZinOH

14. Free Exercise clause

  • Allowed citizens to worship their religion freely without government interference
Photo by Nino.Modugno

15. Establishment clause

  • States that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion"
Photo by Leo Reynolds

16. Judicial review

  • The power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional

17. Louisiana purchase

  • The acquisition of the Louisiana territory by the United States from France in 1803
Photo by vxla

18. Monroe doctrine

  • A statement declaring that the American continents should no longer be viewed as open to colonization
Photo by cod_gabriel

19. Trail of tears

  • A journey where the Cherokee people faced hunger, disease, and exhaustion on a forced march
Photo by sniggie

20. Mormons

  • Followers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints founded by Joseph Smith
Photo by kvn.jns

21. Manifest destiny

  • Common American idea that the nation is meant to spread to the Pacific

22. Second great awakening

  • A movement organized by religious leaders to revive the nations commitment to religion; such as temperance, abolition, and women's rights

23. Abolition

  • The act of getting rid of something; ex: against slavery
Photo by Leo Reynolds

24. Emancipation proclamation

  • Lincoln issued the emanicipation proclamation to free all enslaved people in states of war; did not free all slaves
Photo by dbking

25. Reconstruction

  • Rebuilding the South after the Civil War, along with dealing with former confederates and newly freed slaves
Photo by fung.leo

26. 13th amendment

  • Banned slavery in the United States
Photo by jsogo

27. 14th amendment

  • Granted citizenship to former slaves
Photo by stevebott

28. 15th amendment

  • Said that African Americans could not be banned from voting

29. freedmen's bureau

  • An agency created to feed and cloth war refugees in the South
Photo by dbnunley

30. poll taxes

  • Tax paid if you wanted to vote; many African Americans could not afford to pay this tax
Photo by dannybirchall

31. Jim crow

  • Aimed at separating the races in the South; created the Jim Crow Laws

32. Lord baltimore

  • Founded Maryland as a place of refuge for Catholics

33. john locke

  • English philosopher who expressed the idea that people are born with natural rights; life, liberty, and property

34. Thomas jefferson

  • Author of the Declaration of Independence; 3rd president of the United States
Photo by Metal Chris

35. James madison

  • The main author of the Constitution; 4th president of the United States
Photo by OZinOH

36. john marshall

  • Chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court; his distinction as a statesman derived almost entirely from his judicial career
Photo by MCS@flickr

37. harriet tubman

  • Famous 'conductor'; was a runaway slave; she risked journeys into the slaves states to bring men and women out
Photo by phil dokas

38. abraham lincoln

  • President during the American Civil War; issued the Emancipation Proclamation

39. Dred scot v sanford

  • U.S decision which held that African Americans could not be American citizens and therefore had no stand to sue in federal court

40. plessy v ferguson

  • A decision upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal"
Photo by delrandall