FPU: From Rhyme to Poetry

Published on Nov 18, 2015

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PRESENTATION OUTLINE

From rhyme to Poetry

BECCA VANWEERDHUIZEN / fpu 732 / november 2013
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Got nerves?

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it's relevant and accessible to all!

you don't need an ivy league degree to understand it or write it...
(Lukens 259)
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nursery rhymes

our first foray into the world of poetry
Resources in our library:
Mother Goose - Tomie dePaola
Hey Diddle Diddle - Tomie dePaola
The DK Book of Nursery Rhymes - ill. Debi Gliori
Mother Goose - Tasha Tudor
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"brief stories that have been passed orally from generation to generation..

...and are the beginning of poetry for so many children."
(Lukens 260)
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rhythm in rhyme: the heartbeat within us

  • assonance
  • consonance
  • alliteration
  • onomatopoeia
  • other sound effects
(Lukens 261)
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figurative language in rhymes

  • personification
  • similes
  • metaphors
  • verbal irony
(Lukens 262)
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"there was a little girl"

tomie depaola's mother goose
This poem is one of my own earliest memories of a nursery rhyme. With my own curly hair, this nursery rhyme was recited to me pretty often as a reminder and as a call to behave.

DePaola, Tomie. Tomie DePaola's Mother Goose. New York: Putnam, 1985. Print.

nonsense poems

Resources in our Library
Poet: Jack Prelutsky
Poet: Shel Silverstein

nonsense poems rely on...

  • rhythm
  • sound patterns
  • figurativeness
  • compactness
  • emotional intensity
(Lukens 263)
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surprise!

integral part of nonsense poetry - silly surprises...even better!
(Lukens 263)
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"be kind to dumb animals"

limerick
An example of pure silliness with a nonsense poem. I can see a lot of elementary students laughing about this one.

Ciardi, John, and Susan Meddaugh. The Hopeful Trout and Other Limericks. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1989. Print.

pure poetry

Resources in our Library:
Elementary poetry section - G808 - G811.
Secondary poetry section - 808 - 811.
Additional poetry books may be in Fiction section.

Some verse novels to consider:
All the Broken Pieces - Ann E. Burg
A Girl Named Mister - Nikki Grimes
Out of the Dust - Karen Hesse
Inside Out and Back Again - Thanhha Lai
Sold - Patricia McCormick
Heart of a Shepherd - Rosanne Parry


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lyric v. narrative

LYRIC =SONG-LIKE / NARRATIVE =STORY-LIKE
(Lukens 266)
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the basics

  • compactness & careful selection of words = emotional response
  • regular rhythm = meter = indication of tone & clarifies meaning
  • sound patterns (rhymes) = hallmark but NOT REQUIRED!
(Lukens 267-272)

FEW AND ARTFULLY CHOSEN WORDS."

"A POEM IS BEST SAID IN a...
(Lukens 273)
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brief, but intense

understand a new experience; enjoy an old experience with new insight
(Lukens 274)
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"Elevator"

narrative poetry
A poem need not be long to say so much! There's so much wrapped into these 40 words and the accompanying image. On the surface, it's just a simple story about a girl reading on an elevator that gets stuck on the way up to her apartment. But, at another level, the "few and artfully chosen words" tell a story of a girl who is using education as a means of moving up in the world and out of the projects that she's growing up in.

Clifton, Lucille. "Elevator." Home: A Collaboration of Thirty Distinguished Authors and Illustrators of Children's Books to Aid the Homeless. Ed. Michael J. Rosen. By Jerry Pinkney. New York, NY: HarperCollins, 1992. N. pag. Print.

beware of bad poetry

  • careless
  • lacks artistry
  • didactic
  • sentimental
  • condescending
(Lukens 275)
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Works cited

  • The Hopeful Trout and Other Limericks
  • Home
  • Tomie DePaola's Mother Goose
  • A Critical Handbook of Children's Literature
Ciardi, John, and Susan Meddaugh. The Hopeful Trout and Other Limericks. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1989. Print.

Clifton, Lucille. "Elevator." Home: A Collaboration of Thirty Distinguished Authors and Illustrators of Children's Books to Aid the Homeless. Ed. Michael J. Rosen. By Jerry Pinkney. New York, NY: HarperCollins, 1992. N. pag. Print.

DePaola, Tomie. Tomie DePaola's Mother Goose. New York: Putnam, 1985. Print.

Lukens, Rebecca J., Jacquelin J. Smith, and Cynthia Miller Coffel. A Critical Handbook of Children's Literature. Boston, MA: Pearson, 2013. Print.
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